The Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, The Handbook of Environment and Society is organised in seven sections: - Environmental thought: past and present - Valuing the environment - Knowledges and knowing - Political economy of environmental change - Environmental technologies - Redesigning natures - Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The Handbook on Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

The Precautionary Principle in Environmental Policies

The precautionary principle in environmental policies


Environmental policies reveal an interesting conflict. On the one hand, there is widespread agreement on the need to protect biodiversity, environmental resources and the bases of sustainable development. On the other hand, there is considerable controversy across a wide range of particular decisions as to what to do in order to attain these consensual goals. Does the use of nuclear power provide a way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions? Should pest-resistant genetically modified crops be encouraged as a way of raising the productivity of agriculture in developing countries? How serious a threat to human health is long-term low-dose exposure to certain chemicals? How stringent should fishing quotas be in order to protect fish stocks? ...

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