The Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, The Handbook of Environment and Society is organised in seven sections: - Environmental thought: past and present - Valuing the environment - Knowledges and knowing - Political economy of environmental change - Environmental technologies - Redesigning natures - Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The Handbook on Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

Representative Democracy and Environmental Problem Solution

Representative democracy and environmental problem solution


Several characteristics of contemporary environmental problems — especially the more intractable — mean that they can only be tackled through collective action. Such action may be voluntary, with those agreeing to act then meeting their contractual obligations. More generally, however, action is neither likely to be put in place nor successfully followed through unless either there are strong and enforceable sanctions for non-compliance or the incentives to comply are such that signatories to an agreement ensure that the goals are met.

Enforceable and enforced collective action, at almost all scales above the most local and/or involving relatively small numbers of actors, invariably involves states. Indeed, one of the main metaphors used to illustrate the necessity ...

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