The Handbook of Environment and Society focuses on the interactions between people, societies and economies, and the state of nature and the environment. Editorially integrated but written from multi-disciplinary perspectives, The Handbook of Environment and Society is organised in seven sections: - Environmental thought: past and present - Valuing the environment - Knowledges and knowing - Political economy of environmental change - Environmental technologies - Redesigning natures - Institutions and policies for influencing the environment Key themes include: locations where the environment-society relation is most acute: where, for example, there are few natural resources or where industrialization is unregulated; the discussion of these issues at different scales: local, regional, national, and global; the cost of damage to resources; and the relation between principal actors in the environment-society nexus. Aimed at an international audience of academics, research students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers, The Handbook on Environment and Society presents readers in social science and natural science with a manual of the past, present and future of environment-society links.

Water Policy, Economics and the EU Water Framework Directive

Water Policy, Economics and the EU Water Framework Directive

Water policy, economics and the EU water framework directive


Increased demand for water to meet human needs, including its use as a conduit and receptor for waste, has led to deterioration in the state of inland surface water, groundwater and coastal waters in many parts of Europe with consequences for people and the water environment (EEA, 1999, 2001a, b; OECD, 2003). EU legislation on water initially focused on specific environmental problems associated with public health risks, such as drinking and bathing water quality. During the late 1990s, in response to calls for concerted action to improve the ecological quality of surface waters and the state of groundwaters, the European Commission introduced the Water Framework Directive (WFD) (CEC, ...

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