The SAGE Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Democracy brings together new work by some of the leading authorities on citizenship education, and is divided into five sections. The first section deals with key ideas about citizenship education including democracy, rights, globalization and equity. Section two contains a wide range of national case studies of citizenship education including African, Asian, Australian, European and North and South American examples. The third section focuses on perspectives about citizenship education with discussions about key areas such as sustainable development, anti-racism, and gender. Section four provides insights into different characterizations of citizenship education with illustrations of democratic schools, peace and conflict education, global education, human rights education etc. The final section provides a series of chapters on the pedagogy of citizenship education with discussions about curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment.
Chapter 3: Civic Education, Social Justice and Critical Race Theory
Civic Education, Social Justice and Critical Race Theory
Social studies educators often acknowledge the history of social injustices rooted in our nationhood. Two distinct paradigms in contemporary civic education and multicultural education have highlighted the issues often marginalized in American society related to race, ethnicity and class. Each of these areas theoretically and in classroom practice have marginally theorized race in the social studies and delineated strategies for societal transformation (Dewy, 1916; Banks, 1990, 1991, 1990; Bickmore, 1993; Goodman, 1992; Lynch, 1992).
At the core of both multicultural and civic education are the essential concepts of democracy, equality and civic participation. Although their tenets support an examination of social justice, the placement of social justice ...