The SAGE Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Democracy brings together new work by some of the leading authorities on citizenship education, and is divided into five sections. The first section deals with key ideas about citizenship education including democracy, rights, globalization and equity. Section two contains a wide range of national case studies of citizenship education including African, Asian, Australian, European and North and South American examples. The third section focuses on perspectives about citizenship education with discussions about key areas such as sustainable development, anti-racism, and gender. Section four provides insights into different characterizations of citizenship education with illustrations of democratic schools, peace and conflict education, global education, human rights education etc. The final section provides a series of chapters on the pedagogy of citizenship education with discussions about curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment.

Peace and Conflict Education

Peace and conflict education

All education regulated by nation-states is, in one sense, education for some kind of ‘peace.’ In the liberal ‘social contract’ tradition, the purpose of any government is to protect citizens from violence, as a prerequisite for their individual pursuit of well-being (Henderson, 2006). Collectively, citizens (defense, security) serve as justification for - and (through taxation) funders of -military spending and deployment (Franklin, 2006a). Governments have had a monopoly on the legitimate use of force in order to serve as security guarantors. Further, governments since the nineteenth century have had a virtual monopoly on ‘legitimate education’ (Gellner, cited in Tawil and Harley, 2004), used to create and maintain a sense of shared national identity and social cohesion among their ...

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