The SAGE Handbook of Education for Citizenship and Democracy brings together new work by some of the leading authorities on citizenship education, and is divided into five sections. The first section deals with key ideas about citizenship education including democracy, rights, globalization and equity. Section two contains a wide range of national case studies of citizenship education including African, Asian, Australian, European and North and South American examples. The third section focuses on perspectives about citizenship education with discussions about key areas such as sustainable development, anti-racism, and gender. Section four provides insights into different characterizations of citizenship education with illustrations of democratic schools, peace and conflict education, global education, human rights education etc. The final section provides a series of chapters on the pedagogy of citizenship education with discussions about curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment.



Introduction: Education for Citizenship and Democracy is Necessarily Antiracist

Any educational programme associated with citizenship and democracy is required to be intrinsically antiracist. Racism is a barrier to citizenship and is the antithesis of democracy. A racist perspective denies the fundamental claims of democracy and human rights. Both democracy and human rights depend on an understanding and agreement that all human beings are entitled to equal respect for their dignity and equal rights. Racism is a set of beliefs and practices, explicit or unwitting, premised on the greater entitlement of one group to both respect and rights. Racism therefore undermines the very basis of democracy and human rights. Its antidote is antiracism.

Democracy is a world view as much as a form of governance. It is ...

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