Reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in our knowledge and understanding of developmental disorders, this groundbreaking international volume brings this vast and complex field together for the first time. The editors have collected together the world’s leading academic scholars and clinicians, to explore how current research across a range of different disciplines can inform academic knowledge and clinical practice and help to improve the lives of individuals and their families.The SAGE Handbook of Developmental Disorders is a central reference in the field for all academics, researchers, clinicians and advanced students involved in the study of developmental disorders, including those in clinical psychology, child psychiatry, child mental health, child genetics and pediatrics, speech language pathology, and developmental disabilities and special education.

Preterm and Low Birth Weight Babies

Preterm and low birth weight babies

Historical Perspective

The term ‘premature infant’ only entered the English language some 120 years ago (Wolke, 1991). Prior to the late 1800s, infants who were born before this term were referred to as ‘weaklings’ or ‘congenitally debilitated’ (Helders et al., 1989). Before the introduction of more widely available treatment of sick babies in incubators by Carl Crede in Leipzig in 1884 (Brimblecombe, 1983) and the establishment of the first premature baby unit in 1895 by Pierre Budin at the Hospital Port Royale in Paris, these ‘weaklings’ were allowed to ‘pine away’ and die (Budin, 1900). The principles of care for premature infants changed little throughout the twentieth century until the 1950s. They consisted of minimal ...

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