- Subject index
Reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in our knowledge and understanding of developmental disorders, this groundbreaking international volume brings this vast and complex field together for the first time. The editors have collected together the world’s leading academic scholars and clinicians, to explore how current research across a range of different disciplines can inform academic knowledge and clinical practice and help to improve the lives of individuals and their families.The SAGE Handbook of Developmental Disorders is a central reference in the field for all academics, researchers, clinicians and advanced students involved in the study of developmental disorders, including those in clinical psychology, child psychiatry, child mental health, child genetics and pediatrics, speech language pathology, and developmental disabilities and special education.
Chapter 24: Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
General Overview and Historical Perspective
Although it is not uncommon for substance abuse to occur during pregnancy, maternal alcohol use probably has the earliest, most debilitating, and the longest-lasting effect on the fetus (Streissguth & O'Malley, 2000). The link between maternal alcohol consumption and the effect on the fetus was initially made by the pediatrician Paul Lemoine in 1968. Working in Nantes, a wine-growing region of France, he carefully documented 127 infants with similar facial dysmorphic features whose mothers had consumed alcohol during pregnancy (Lemoine et al., 1968). A few years later, a team of researchers from the University of Washington in Seattle, USA first named the condition fetal alcohol syndrome and published their detailed clinical findings in ...