- Subject index
Reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in our knowledge and understanding of developmental disorders, this groundbreaking international volume brings this vast and complex field together for the first time. The editors have collected together the world’s leading academic scholars and clinicians, to explore how current research across a range of different disciplines can inform academic knowledge and clinical practice and help to improve the lives of individuals and their families.The SAGE Handbook of Developmental Disorders is a central reference in the field for all academics, researchers, clinicians and advanced students involved in the study of developmental disorders, including those in clinical psychology, child psychiatry, child mental health, child genetics and pediatrics, speech language pathology, and developmental disabilities and special education.
Chapter 14: Autism Spectrum Disorders: General Overview
Autism Spectrum Disorders: General Overview
The history of research on autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is an intriguing example of the value of multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary approaches to developmental disorders. Though it is likely that autism has existed for a very long time (Lane, 1979), the first documentations of it as a syndrome were made in the early 1940 in parallel by a psychiatrist and a pediatrician in different countries, in very different situations. Leo Kanner (1943) provided detailed descriptions of 11 children seen in his psychiatric clinic in Baltimore who shared qualities of social aloofness, insistence on sameness and language delays or oddities. At about the same time, Hans Asperger (1944), a pediatrician, described four ‘little professors’ ...