Reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in our knowledge and understanding of developmental disorders, this groundbreaking international volume brings this vast and complex field together for the first time. The editors have collected together the world’s leading academic scholars and clinicians, to explore how current research across a range of different disciplines can inform academic knowledge and clinical practice and help to improve the lives of individuals and their families.The SAGE Handbook of Developmental Disorders is a central reference in the field for all academics, researchers, clinicians and advanced students involved in the study of developmental disorders, including those in clinical psychology, child psychiatry, child mental health, child genetics and pediatrics, speech language pathology, and developmental disabilities and special education.

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder
Timothy E.Wilens, Thomas J.Spencer

Introduction and Overview

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common emotional, cognitive, and neurobehavioral disorder treated in children (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2001; American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2002). It carries a high rate of psychiatric comorbidity, notably oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), conduct disorder, mood and anxiety disorders, and cigarette and substance use disorders (Biederman, Monuteaux et al., 2006a). Across the life span, the social and societal costs of untreated ADHD are considerable, including academic underachievement, conducting problems, underemployment, motor vehicle safety, and difficulties with personal relationships (Barkley, 2002; Barkley, Murphy et al., 2002; Biederman, Monuteaux et al., 2006a; Swanson, Lerner et al., 2003). Current and developing treatment strategies involving cognitive/behavioral and pharmacologic interventions often help patients overcome ...

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