The SAGE Handbook of Comparative Politics presents in one volume an authoritative overview of the theoretical, methodological, and substantive elements of comparative political science. The 28 specially commissioned chapters, written by renowned comparative scholars, guide the reader through the central issues and debates, presenting a state-of-the-art guide to the past, present, and possible futures of the field.
Chapter 13: Institutional Design
Institutional design is the choice of rules for collective decision-making. At the moment of designing institutions, two main questions have to be addressed: who is entitled to participate? and how will decisions be made? The first question points to the design of the community. Collective decisions can be enforceable if people within some boundaries think or accept they share enough with the others to abide by the outcomes, even if they find themselves to be losers or in a minority on some issues, or if the costs of not complying are too high. The Western European model of nation-state building has been too often taken as the only reference and interesting path for building a political community. Political science is still ...