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Susan R. Old & Moshe Naveh-Benjamin

In: Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 9: Age-Related Changes in Memory: Experimental Approaches

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Age-Related Changes in Memory: Experimental Approaches
Age-related changes in memory: Experimental approaches

It is commonly thought that aging leads to an overall decline in memory performance. It is interesting, however, that the effects of age are highly dependent upon the type of memory task being administered, with some tasks showing large impairment yet others showing no decline or even improvement into old age. An important goal of research on memory and aging is to explain this variability. In the first section of this chapter, we review empirical findings regarding age-related differences in several domains of memory performance, distinguishing between short- and long-term memory, explicit and implicit memory, and semantic and episodic memory. We also examine age-related differences in specific processes involved in episodic memory—encoding, retention, and ...

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