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Sherry L. Willis & Julie Blaskewicz Boron

In: Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Chapter 39: Midlife Cognition: The Association of Personality With Cognition and Risk of Cognitive Impairment

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Midlife Cognition: The Association of Personality With Cognition and Risk of Cognitive Impairment
Midlife cognition: The association of personality with cognition and risk of cognitive impairment

Amajor distinction among life span psychological theories is their differing position on stability versus change in midlife (Lachman, 2004). Trait theories such as those concerned with personality (Costa & McCrae, 1980) or intelligence (Schaie, 2005) have depicted midlife as a period of stability, at least when studied at the aggregate level. By the fourth decade of life, there appears to be considerable stability in personality traits (Costa, Herbst, McCrae, & Siegler, 2000). Caspi and Roberts (2001) concluded that personality consistency increases with age and is more common than change in midlife and old age.

As Costa and McCrae (1999) noted, historically, ...

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