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The SAGE Handbook of Child Development explores the multicultural development of children through the varied and complex interplay of traditional agents of socialization as well as contemporary media influences, examining how socialization practices and media content construct and teach us about diverse cultures. Editors Joy K. Asamen, Mesha L. Ellis, and Gordon L. Berry, along with chapter authors from a wide variety of disciplines, highlight how to analyze, compare, and contrast alternative perspectives of children of different cultures, domestically and globally, with the major principles and theories of child development in cognitive, socioemotional, and/or social/contextual domains.

Children and Cognition: Development of Social Schema
Children and cognition: Development of social schema
John E.Lochman, Khiela J.Holmes, and MaryWojnaroski

This chapter will overview key issues in the functions and development of children's social schema. Within a social information processing (SIP) framework (e.g., Crick & Dodge, 1994), online processing of social events involves attributions and decisions of encountered problems, and is distinguished from children's latent mental structures that can influence SIP. These latent mental structures can be conceptualized as schemas (Lochman & Dodge, 1998) or scripts (Huesmann, 1988).

Schemas

Children's cognitive schemas have evident effects on their social adjustment (Salmivalli, Ojanen, & Peets, 2005), their information processing (Crick & Dodge, 1994; Lochman, Powell, Whidby, & FitzGerald, 2006), and their attention and memory retrieval (Koriat, Goldsmith, & Pansky, 2000). People ...

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