- Subject index
Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (EBD) in schools can be defined in many ways. For example, EBD can be seen as: a set of problems that reside mainly within the individual student; as the result of interactions between social and psychological sub-systems, or as the product of professional discourses that create and maintain the very problems that they purport to identify and solve. Clough and Garner's Handbook of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties sheds light on all of these perspectives and reveals the enormous complexity and diversity of what is termed "EBD". In doing this, the book reveals itself to be both a scholarly and practical resource that will be indispensable to anyone seeking insight and direction for understanding and responding to EBD in the 21st century.
Chapter 2: International Comparisons in EBD: Critical Issues
International Comparisons in EBD: Critical Issues
The dominant orientation to defining and meeting the needs of children and youth with emotional and behavioural disorders (EBD) has always been a paradox. While the common theme is the demonstration of maladaptive behaviours that seriously impair an individual's ability to work, live and function successfully in society, this plays out in such multiple variations that a large array of supports, services, treatment regimes and interventions are necessary.
Complex problems pervade the entire field of EBD. Contemporary difficulties have not emerged from a vacuum; rather, throughout the late-nineteenth and all of the twentieth century, a steady stream of psychological, educational, social and legal changes and events left a storehouse of unresolved issues and lasting puzzles ...