- Subject index
Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties (EBD) in schools can be defined in many ways. For example, EBD can be seen as: a set of problems that reside mainly within the individual student; as the result of interactions between social and psychological sub-systems, or as the product of professional discourses that create and maintain the very problems that they purport to identify and solve. Clough and Garner's Handbook of Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties sheds light on all of these perspectives and reveals the enormous complexity and diversity of what is termed "EBD". In doing this, the book reveals itself to be both a scholarly and practical resource that will be indispensable to anyone seeking insight and direction for understanding and responding to EBD in the 21st century.
Chapter 16: Reducing Problem Behavior Through School-Wide Systems of Positive Behavior Support1
Reducing Problem Behavior Through School-Wide Systems of Positive Behavior Support1
One of the greatest challenges confronting educators is to provide a positive learning and teaching environment in schools with high rates of discipline problems (Shinn et al., 2002). A recent study indicated that general education teachers reported on average one in five of their students exhibited disruptive/off-task behavior and one in twenty exhibited aggressive behaviors to the point intervention was necessary (Myers and Holland, 2000). Unfortunately, educators routinely rely on traditional discipline practices that generally involve punishment and exclusionary options. The assumption is punishment-based discipline actions taken in response to rule violations will both deter future occurrences and somehow teach and promote more prosocial skills (Sugai ...