The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory documents and builds upon some of the most innovative developments in architectural theory over the last two decades. Bringing into dialogue a range of geographically, institutionally and historically competing positions, the book examines and explores parallel debates in related fields. The book is divided into eight sections. Creating openings for future lines of inquiry and establishing the basis for new directions for education, research and practice, the book organizes itself around specific case studies to provide a critical, interpretive and speculative enquiry into the relevant debates in architectural theory. A methodical, authoritative and comprehensive addition to the literature, the Handbook is suitable for academics, researchers and practitioners in architecture, urban geography, cultural studies, sociology and geography.

Introduction: Technology, Science and Virtuality

Introduction: Technology, Science and Virtuality

Introduction: Technology, science and virtuality
ArieGraafland (section editor) and HeidiSohn (assistant editor)

The enormous subtlety and the wealth of ineffable nuances involved in human self-presentation originate in the subtlety and richness of the physical world, in low-level processes of biochemical self-organization. These utterly subject-free, but self-stabilizing processes constantly modulate the internal information flow underlying the conscious self-model. It is interesting to note how all current technological attempts at creating truly embodied artificial agents, for example, in robotics, are many orders of granularity away from the truly bottom-up solution Mother Nature long ago found on its way to physically realized subjectivity (Metzinger 2003, 291–292).


In 1993 the US government installed its National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), an organ whose main aim is the ...

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