The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory documents and builds upon some of the most innovative developments in architectural theory over the last two decades. Bringing into dialogue a range of geographically, institutionally and historically competing positions, the book examines and explores parallel debates in related fields. The book is divided into eight sections. Creating openings for future lines of inquiry and establishing the basis for new directions for education, research and practice, the book organizes itself around specific case studies to provide a critical, interpretive and speculative enquiry into the relevant debates in architectural theory. A methodical, authoritative and comprehensive addition to the literature, the Handbook is suitable for academics, researchers and practitioners in architecture, urban geography, cultural studies, sociology and geography.
Chapter 16: Introduction: Time's Arrows: Spaces of the Past
Introduction: Time's Arrows: Spaces of the Past
The three terms that animate the chapters in this section constitute different, if overlapping routes to the past. Though history, memory and tradition continue to hold distinctive meanings in relation to each other, in practice they are increasingly difficult to separate. For much of the 20th century, normative definitions represented history as the dominant of the three terms, referring to authoritative narratives produced by experts according to agreed scientific standards. Both memory and tradition were cast as subjective and hence biased, or primitive, unchanging and outside historical time (Olick and Robbins 1998, 109; Yoneyama 1999, 27; Bennett 2004, 1).
The so-called ‘crisis of history’ and the end to ‘grand meta-narratives’ marked by ...