Although most mental health and behavioral health professionals have encountered adoption triad members—birth parents, adoptive parents, and adopted persons—in their clinical practice, the vast majority have had no formal or informal training on adoption issues. The Handbook of Adoption is the first text designed for mental health practitioners to specifically address the many dimensions of adoption-related issues which can and do affect adoption triad members, specifically in the United States.

Chapter 30: Psychic Homelessness Related to Reactive AttachmentDisorder: Dutch Adult Foreign Adoptees Struggling with Their Identity

Psychic Homelessness Related to Reactive AttachmentDisorder: Dutch Adult Foreign Adoptees Struggling with Their Identity

Psychic homelessness related to reactive attachment disorder: Dutch adultforeign adoptees struggling with their identity

Foreign Adoption in Context: An Introduction

The first Dutch adoption legislation was introduced in 1956, which opened theway for international adoption. An interesting phenomenon is that after1974, mainly children with a different racial background were adopted anddomestic adoption became more a thing of the past. Since 1980, only 50 to 70children are domestically adopted each year in a population of 16.5 millioninhabitants. By the end of 2005, there were 32,000 foreign adopted childrenin the Netherlands from 50 countries (Hoksbergen, 2001; Ministry of Justice,2005).

These children were placed with parents who did not have their firstbiological children: The adoptive parents were ...

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