Although most mental health and behavioral health professionals have encountered adoption triad members—birth parents, adoptive parents, and adopted persons—in their clinical practice, the vast majority have had no formal or informal training on adoption issues. The Handbook of Adoption is the first text designed for mental health practitioners to specifically address the many dimensions of adoption-related issues which can and do affect adoption triad members, specifically in the United States.

Chapter 15: Double Stigma: The Impact of Adoption Issues on Lesbianand Gay Adoptive Parents

Double Stigma: The Impact of Adoption Issues on Lesbianand Gay Adoptive Parents

Double stigma: The impact of adoption issues on lesbian and gay adoptiveparents

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people form families in various ways, throughstepparenting, adoption, foster parenting, surrogacy, and donor insemination,each of which presents a unique set of issues to be addressed (Crespi, 2001;Matthews & Lease, 2000). For the lesbian or gay adoptive family, theusual challenges of adoption are compounded by the ambivalent attitudes ofadoption professionals; the social stigma attached to being gay or lesbian; thelegal complexity of forming, maintaining, and protecting nontraditionalfamilies; and the internalized homophobia of lesbians and gay men who choose toparent (Crawford, McLeod, Zamboni, & Jordan, 1999; Crespi, 2001; Martin,1993; Matthews & Lease, 2000; Ossana, 2000; Saffron, 1998; Strickland,1995).

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