Although most mental health and behavioral health professionals have encountered adoption triad members—birth parents, adoptive parents, and adopted persons—in their clinical practice, the vast majority have had no formal or informal training on adoption issues. The Handbook of Adoption is the first text designed for mental health practitioners to specifically address the many dimensions of adoption-related issues which can and do affect adoption triad members, specifically in the United States.

Chapter 14: The Special Needs of Special-Needs Adoptees and TheirFamilies

The Special Needs of Special-Needs Adoptees and TheirFamilies

The special needs of special-needs adoptees and their families

The nature of adoption has changed over the past several decades due to severalsocial and legal variables. A major factor that affects contemporary adoption isthe decline in the number of healthy, White babies being placed for adoptiondomestically due to a greater societal acceptance of single mothers combinedwith the increase in White couples and single people interested in adoption(Zamostny, O'Brien, Baden, & Wiley, 2003). There has also beenfederal and state legislation focused on moving children from foster care toadoption, specifically the passage of the Adoption Assistance and Child WelfareAct of 1980, which focuses on the permanency and continuity of relationships forchildren rather than multiple foster placements; and the Adoption and ...

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