For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 9: Individualized versus General Measures of Addiction-Related Implicit Cognitions
Individualized versus General Measures of Addiction-Related Implicit Cognitions
Abstract: The chapter considers the use of individualized versus generalized stimuli to assess implicit cognitive processes in addictive behaviors. Most studies have used generalized stimuli that were not specifically selected for each participant. A major advantage of doing so is that compiling the stimuli is straightforward. A uniform set of addiction-related stimuli, however, might not apply to all participants, who vary in their addiction-related habits and preferences. A limited number of studies have used individualized stimuli, which were selected to represent each participant's current concerns. The individualized approach offers promise for better understanding people's individual motives for using addictive substances. It also has therapeutic implications for helping problematic users to ...