For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.

Expectancy as a Unifying Construct in Alcohol-Related Cognition

Expectancy as a Unifying Construct in Alcohol-Related Cognition

Expectancy as a unifying construct in alcohol-related cognition

Abstract: Explanations of goal-directed behavior increasingly have highlighted the role of anticipatory processes, especially anticipation of reward. Because many researchers in both neurobiological and psychological domains often use the term “expectancy” to refer to these processes, we review the expectancy construct as a device for unifying explanation at these different levels of analysis. Appreciation of this role is essential for advancing expectancy assessment. To this end, we show how expectancies can be assessed using implicit (indirect) tasks. These studies have indicated that the content and organization of implicitly measured expectancies differ as a function of an individual's exposure to alcohol information, customary drinking level, and context, and that expectancies can ...

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