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For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.

Chapter 5: Measuring, Manipulating, and Modeling the Unconscious Influences of Prior Experience on Memory for Recent Experiences

Measuring, Manipulating, and Modeling the Unconscious Influences of Prior Experience on Memory for Recent Experiences
Measuring, manipulating, and modeling the unconscious influences of prior experience on memory for recent experiences

Abstract: Understanding an individual's current behavior demands that we consider the prior experiences of the person in the same or similar contexts. These prior experiences leave memory traces that can implicitly influence how new experiences are interpreted and remembered. In this chapter, we describe how researchers use implicit measures of memory to explore these influences. We include the method of savings, indirect test instructions, the process dissociation procedure, and the PIER2 model of cued recall that formalizes the influence of unconscious processes on the conscious retrieval of recently experienced events. We discuss how memories that may ...

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