For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 4: Reflective and Impulsive Determinants of Addictive Behavior
Reflective and Impulsive Determinants of Addictive Behavior
Abstract: The way people judge and interact with their social environment does not only reflect what they believe or want. Cumulating evidence demonstrates that evaluative and stereotypic associations can shape social judgments and behavior in an automatic fashion that is sometimes opposed to a person's goals and beliefs. In the present chapter, we describe a comprehensive theory that explains social cognition and behavior as the joint function of a rule-based reflective system and an association-based impulsive system. In a second step, we apply our Reflective-Impulsive Model to selected phenomena in the realm of addictive cognition and behavior. We conclude that addictive behavior may in part be facilitated by the same mechanisms that ...