For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 32: Addiction: Integrating Learning Perspectives and Implicit Cognition
Addiction: Integrating Learning Perspectives and Implicit Cognition
When I (Dirk Hermans) was a student of psychology—like many others probably—I was fascinated by studies that demonstrated “unconscious” influences on human behavior. These included work by cognitive psychologists on the impact of “nonattended” information, experiments from social psychology that showed that we have only limited introspection concerning the dynamics of our actions, and phenomena like blind-sight, implicit memory, masked priming, and unconscious learning. In hindsight, these studies were probably so salient and appealing because they contrasted with a preexisting and prescientific perception of humans as logical and rational beings. These findings opened the possibility that at least some of our thoughts and actions are driven by processes that are concealed by ...