For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 3: A Dual-Process Approach to Behavioral Addiction: The Case of Gambling
A Dual-Process Approach to Behavioral Addiction: The Case of Gambling
Abstract: In this chapter, we explore the relevance of the dual-process theory of thinking and reasoning (Evans, 2003) to the understanding of behavioral addictions, with particular reference to gambling behavior. It is clear that such addictions may reflect a process of implicit learning resulting in compulsive and apparently irrational behavior that may conflict with the individual's consciously expressed beliefs and desires. Our purpose here is to examine the detailed theoretical proposals of cognitive researchers about the nature of the underlying cognitive systems to provide a stronger understanding of how such dissociation and conflict may come about. We illustrate the relevance of this theoretical system to behavioral ...