For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 29: Implementation Intentions: Can They Be Used to Prevent and Treat Addiction?
Implementation Intentions: Can They Be Used to Prevent and Treat Addiction?
Abstract: Forming an implementation intention involves an individual planning when, where, and how to perform a specific behavior. Evidence relevant to the mechanisms of this intervention and its application to addiction and other health behaviors is reviewed. Implementation intentions have rarely been applied to addiction but, it is argued, they could be employed to successfully link critical environmental cues to nonaddictive behavior or techniques to refuse the addictive substance. Furthermore, it is proposed that they could inhibit addiction-related cognitions, maintain self-regulatory resources, promote adherence to treatments, or deal effectively with internal factors, such as stress, which increase the risk of addictive behavior. The chapter ...