For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 26: Automatic Processes in the Self-Regulation of Addictive Behaviors
Automatic Processes in the Self-Regulation of Addictive Behaviors
Self-regulation typically refers to the ability to control or modify inner states and behavior to attain desired outcomes (Vohs & Baumeister, 2004). This is particularly challenging when one is faced with the task of behaving in a manner that is contrary to habits or immediate preferences (Mischel et al., 1996). In such cases, one must act in opposition to a dominant response tendency to pursue more distal outcomes (Rachlin, 2000). This form of self-regulation (often called “self-control”) is perhaps best exemplified in efforts to change addictive behaviors. With repeated use, a variety of internal and external cues may come to serve as triggers for well practiced, affect modulating patterns of ...