For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 24: Implicit Cognition in Problem Gambling
Implicit Cognition in Problem Gambling
Abstract: This overview describes three implicit paradigms used to assess activation of semantic networks in problem gamblers. Stroop interference to gambling stimuli discriminates between different subtypes of gamblers (slots vs. racetrack bettors) and is absent in nonproblem gamblers. Response time to alcohol words paired with gambling win versus loss words on the Implicit Association Test discriminates between problem gamblers with different propensities to drink in response to gambling wins versus losses. Reading latency to gambling words under the influence of amphetamine in a pharmacological priming paradigm called the Lexical Salience Task discriminates problem gamblers from problem drinkers and healthy controls. The findings show that trait factors, learning history, and pharmacological probes all moderate implicit gambling-related cognitions ...