For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 23: Implicit Cognition and Drugs of Abuse
Implicit Cognition and Drugs of Abuse
Abstract: This chapter focuses on a review of paradigms used in the study of drug-related spontaneously activated cognitions. The assessment methods reviewed in this chapter have roots in associative learning principles, with associative strength being a key determinant of information processing expressed as attentional and memory biases. Findings from word association methods as well as associative assessments that utilize reaction-time paradigms (e.g., semantic priming, Implicit Association Test (IAT), modified Stroop, visual dot-probe, and flicker paradigms) to evaluate relatively automatic drug-related cognitions are presented. Many of these paradigms are applicable to prevention programs interested in evaluating change in spontaneously activated drug-related cognitions in response to an intervention.
An implicit cognition approach to drug use emphasizes the ...