For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 2: What are Implicit Measures and Why are We Using Them?
What are Implicit Measures and Why are We Using Them?
Abstract: I argue that implicit measures are measurement outcomes that have certain functional properties. The expression “indirect measure,” however, refers to an objective property of the measurement procedure, being that the researcher does not assess the attitude on the basis of a self-assessment by the participant but on the basis of another behavior. With regard to the question of why one should use implicit measures, research suggests that they do not allow one to register stable structures in memory. It is also doubtful that they provide an index of implicit attitudes. But to the extent that implicit measures reflect the automatic impact of attitudes and cognitions, ...