For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 19: Context and Retrieval Effects on Implicit Cognitions for Substance Use
Context and Retrieval Effects on Implicit Cognitions for Substance Use
Abstract: This chapter reviews context effects on substance use and substance-use associations. We interpret these ubiquitous effects as a natural consequence of memory retrieval processes that influence the accessibility of substance-use associations. Further, accessibility of memories about substance-use outcomes and behaviors potentially mediates substance-use behaviors by determining what behavioral options are considered and what outcomes are anticipated. Context effects may have unconscious influences and impact on implicit memories about substance use. The implicit memory effects of context may be uniquely relevant to developing more effective prevention and intervention approaches by encouraging procedures that reduce or replace the retrieval of substance-use memories that influence behavioral decisions.
Context has ...