For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 18: Emotion and Motive Effects on Drug-Related Cognition
Emotion and Motive Effects on Drug-Related Cognition
Abstract: This chapter reviews theories and evidence on the possible main effect of emotions in triggering explicit and implicit drug cognitions. The findings are highly variable, suggesting that a state x trait approach, taking moderators like drug-use motives into account, might better explain the link between emotions and drug cognitions. Accordingly, subsequent research is reviewed showing that drinking motives, specifically, moderate emotion-alcohol cognition relations. Whereas positive emotions trigger both explicit and implicit alcohol cognitions in enhancement-motivated drinkers, negative emotions primarily trigger explicit cognitions in coping-motivated drinkers. Further research on emotion-alcohol cognition relations is called for to explain the disparate moderating effects of enhancement versus coping motives. Incorporating drug-use motives into cognitive interventions ...