For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 17: Motivational Processes Underlying Implicit Cognition in Addiction
Motivational Processes Underlying Implicit Cognition in Addiction
Abstract: The motivational theory of current concerns accounts for attentional focus on stimuli related to a person's goal pursuits. When people actively pursue a goal of using addictive substances in order to regulate their affective states, they have a current concern for procuring and using the substance. A current concern is a latent, time-binding, goal-lurking motivational state that sensitizes the person's attentional and other cognitive processes related to the goal of using the substance. Such hypersensitivity to substance-related stimuli both implicitly and explicitly influences a substance abuser's decision-making processes. Attentional bias for substance-related stimuli is one of the implicit processes that make addictive behaviors hard to control. The chapter discusses motivational and ...