For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 16: Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions
Implicit and Explicit Drug Motivational Processes: A Model of Boundary Conditions
Abstract: The model proposed in this paper is an attempt to suggest mechanisms and structures that are involved in both implicit and explicit processing of drug motivational information, and to propose when and how these mechanisms are recruited. To support this model, we first review research on negative and positive reinforcement mechanisms that establish the potent but often-implicit drug-use motivation in drug-dependent users. Next, we integrate basic cognitive neuroscience research on the cognitive control of behavior to understand how boundary conditions are imposed on these implicit motivational processes via the recruitment of attention (i.e., what constrains their occurrence and influence). Finally, model implications are ...