For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 14: Psychophysiology and Implicit Cognition in Drug Use: Significance and Measurement of Motivation for Drug Use with Emphasis on Startle Tests
Psychophysiology and Implicit Cognition in Drug Use: Significance and Measurement of Motivation for Drug Use with Emphasis on Startle Tests
Abstract: This chapter addresses the rationale and status of psychophysiological measures of motivation for drug intake. A brief overview of different theories of drug intake indicates that physiological correlates of craving and relapse can be used to provide objective information about motivation for drug use. We then review various experimental designs for applying physiological responses to assess motivation for drug intake. Finally, the acoustic blink reflex is presented and described as a multipurpose method for this assessment. Psychophysiological tests may provide tools for the validation of ...