For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 13: Imaging the Addicted Brain: Reward, Craving, and Cognitive Processes
Imaging the Addicted Brain: Reward, Craving, and Cognitive Processes
Abstract: Functional imaging techniques like functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) make it possible to study the underlying neural substrates of addiction-related phenomena such as the cognitive processing of drug-related stimuli and craving. PET can be also used to image neurotransmitter systems that are involved in addiction. In the present chapter, we will provide a review of studies using neuroimaging techniques to study the neurobiological and pharmacological correlates of addiction-related cognitive processes, including reward and craving processes. From these studies, there are indications that the amygdala and hippocampus are involved in drug-related memories, the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is associated with drug-related attentional functions, ...