For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 11: Attention to Drug-Related Cues in Drug Abuse and Addiction: Component Processes
Attention to Drug-Related Cues in Drug Abuse and Addiction: Component Processes
Abstract: According to several theories of addiction, drug-related stimuli should capture and hold attention, and elicit approach behaviors, in drug users (e.g., Robinson & Berridge, 1993, 2003; Franken, 2003). Such models assume that attentional biases for drug-related cues are “automatic,” that is, they occur at early stages of stimulus processing, and that attentional biases are associated with subjective craving and the tendency to approach drug-related cues. This article reviews these models and relevant empirical findings, including studies that have used visual probe tasks and eye movement monitoring techniques to investigate the component processes of biases in visual orienting to drug-related stimuli, and implicit tasks ...