For the first time, research on implicit cognitive processes relevant for the understanding of addictive behaviors and their prevention or treatment is brought together in one volume! The Handbook of Implicit Cognition and Addiction features the work of an internationally renowned group of contributing North American and European authors who draw together developments in basic research on implicit cognition with recent developments in addiction research. Editors Reinout W. Wiers and Alan W. Stacy examine recent findings from a variety of disciplines including basic memory and experimental psychology, experimental psychopathology, emotion, and neurosciences.
Chapter 10: Methods, Measures, and Findings of Attentional Bias in Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence
Methods, Measures, and Findings of Attentional Bias in Substance Use, Abuse, and Dependence
Abstract: The selective processing (attentional bias) of concern-related stimuli is thought to retard concern resolution. This chapter focuses on alcohol-related concerns and reviews the methods used to explore attentional bias in this area. Research with the Stroop paradigm is reviewed first and then research with a wide range of other paradigms. Strong evidence consistent with a differential alcohol-related attentional bias between excessive and social drinkers is reviewed. Emerging evidence consistent with a corresponding effect between heavier and lighter social drinkers is also reviewed and the possibility that there might be a continuity of attentional bias along the consumption continuum is ...