Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaced endeavor. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society; Geographic Information and Modern Life; Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society; Organizations and Institutions; Participation and Community Issues; Value, Fairness, and Privacy
Chapter 7: Environmental Sustainability: The Role of Geographic Information Science and Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Integration of People and Nature
Environmental Sustainability: The Role of Geographic Information Science and Spatial Data Infrastructures in the Integration of People and Nature
The process of global change is altering the Earth's environment and climate. The implications of these changes for sustainability call for an approach that integrates the natural sciences and the human sciences. Scientists need to develop an understanding of the complexity of physical-ecological-anthropogenic systems. In this new paradigm, the Earth's environment is seen as being influenced by the dynamic interaction of natural and social systems.
One of the most important research questions today is then “How is the Earth's environment changing and what are the consequences for human civilization?” ...