Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaced endeavor. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society; Geographic Information and Modern Life; Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society; Organizations and Institutions; Participation and Community Issues; Value, Fairness, and Privacy
Chapter 6: Connecting Geospatial Information to Society Through Cyberinfrastructure
Connecting Geospatial Information to Society Through Cyberinfrastructure
Infrastructure refers to the provision of fundamental services that members of society use to sustain modern civilization. The composition of infrastructure has evolved from basic services, such as the roads and water supplies built by the Roman Empire, to other services such as electricity and telephony that were introduced into many societies during the twentieth century. As computer technologies have advanced, it has become widely accepted that broadband networking and other information technologies have evolved to comprise an important element of infrastructure. Access to this cyberinfrastructure, defined more completely in the following section, has fundamentally changed how computer systems and services are conceived and how the latter are delivered.
The purpose of this ...