• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaced endeavor. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society; Geographic Information and Modern Life; Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society; Organizations and Institutions; Participation and Community Issues; Value, Fairness, and Privacy

Designing Public Participation Geographic Information Systems
Designing public participation geographic information systems
Introduction

The concept of public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) traces back to the supposition that geographical data stored in GIS and spatial analysis tools might empower different groups of the public, including marginalized communities, to represent their interests in democratic decision-making processes concerning land-based resource allocations (Harris et al., 1995). The emergence of PPGIS has also been a reaction to the perception of GIS technology as being top-down, technocratic, and non-inclusive of the interests of communities affected by planning and decision-making processes. In that context, PPGIS was conceptualized as a bottom-up, technology-facilitated, social process allowing users to combine their informal and often qualitative knowledge, impressions, and ideas with formalized knowledge about real world objects, ...

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