• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Over the past twenty years research on the evolving relationship between GIS and Society has been expanding into a wide variety of topical areas, becoming in the process an increasingly challenging and multifaced endeavor. The SAGE Handbook of GIS and Society is a retrospective and prospective overview of GIS and Society research that provides an expansive and critical assessment of work in that field. Emphasizing the theoretical, methodological and substantive diversity within GIS and Society research, the book highlights the distinctiveness and intellectual coherence of the subject as a field of study, while also examining its resonances with and between key themes, and among disciplines ranging from geography and computer science to sociology, anthropology, and the health and environmental sciences. Comprising 27 chapters, often with an international focus, the book is organized into six sections: Foundations of Geographic Information and Society; Geographic Information and Modern Life; Alternative Representations of Geographic Information and Society; Organizations and Institutions; Participation and Community Issues; Value, Fairness, and Privacy

Spatial Modeling of Social Networks
Spatial modeling of social networks
Introduction

From the broad perspective of relational analysis, it is natural to view both spatial analysis and network analysis as important special cases of a more general structural approach. Although often seen as separate areas of endeavor, both spatial analysis and network analysis are alike in treating the relationships among entities – rather than their intrinsic properties – as being the focus of primary interest. Within spatial analysis, these relationships are construed as arising from the embedding of entities within a spatial structure, as represented by the action of a distance function on a set of possible positions. The constraints placed upon the distance function (e.g., identity, symmetry, and frequently the triangle inequality) define the nature of ...

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