The Handbook of Understanding and Measuring Intelligence provides an overview of recent studies on intelligence to help readers develop a sound understanding of results and perspectives in intelligence research. In this volume, editors Oliver Wilhelm and Randall W. Engle bring together a group of respected experts from two fields of intelligence research, cognition and methods, to summarize, review, and evaluate research in their areas of expertise. The chapters in this book present state-of-the-art examinations of a particular domain of intelligence research and highlight important methodological considerations, theoretical claims, and pervasive problems in the field.
Chapter 4: Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Intelligence: Defense of a Reductionist Approach
Cognitive Mechanisms Underlying Intelligence: Defense of a Reductionist Approach
The psychology of intelligence must be part of the psychology of cognition.
Linking mental test scores to cognitive variables is only really productive when the cognitive variables are themselves theoretically tractable. Otherwise one has merely linked an unknown to another unknown.
A full account of individual differences in intelligence is contingent on a wellformulated model of cognition, in which cognitive mechanisms are explicitly detailed. Thus, a relevant question to ask at the outset of this chapter, as well as at the outset of this book, is whether cognitive psychology has really advanced to a stage where cognitive mechanisms are indeed ...