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  • Contents
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The Handbook of Understanding and Measuring Intelligence provides an overview of recent studies on intelligence to help readers develop a sound understanding of results and perspectives in intelligence research. In this volume, editors Oliver Wilhelm and Randall W. Engle bring together a group of respected experts from two fields of intelligence research, cognition and methods, to summarize, review, and evaluate research in their areas of expertise. The chapters in this book present state-of-the-art examinations of a particular domain of intelligence research and highlight important methodological considerations, theoretical claims, and pervasive problems in the field.  

The Role of Domain Knowledge in Higher-Level Cognition
The role of domain knowledge in higher-level cognition
David Z.Hambrick

The search for factors underlying individual differences in higher-level cognition has been a major focus of psychological research for more than a century. For example, Galton (1883) theorized that individual differences in basic, sensory processes distinguish people of different levels of mental ability. Following up on this hypothesis, J. M. Cattell (1890) developed an extensive battery of psychophysical tests to measure everything from grip strength to tactile sensitivity. The outcome of this first attempt at uncovering the underpinnings of mental ability would prove disappointing: Working under Cattell, Wissler (1901) reported that scores on these psychophysical tests correlated neither with each other nor with independent measures of mental ability—grades in ...

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