For the most current, comprehensive resource in this rapidly evolving field, look no further than the Revised Edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. This masterful volume is the first resource in more than 15 years to define, summarize, and synthesize this complex multidisciplinary, international field. Tightly edited with contributions by an internationally recognized team of leading scholars, this volume addresses the crucial contemporary issues—both traditional and nonconventional—social studies, political studies, and humanistic studies in this changing field. Containing theoretical essays, extensive literature reviews, and detailed case studies, this remarkable volume clearly sets the standard for the field. It does nothing less than establish itself as the benchmark, one that will carry the field well into the next century.
Chapter 24: Politics by the Same Means: Government and Science in the United States
Politics by the Same Means: Government and Science in the United States
OVER the past two decades the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) has eroded the traditional idea that science is a unique or exceptional branch of human activity. As chronicled in this volume and elsewhere (Cozzens & Gieryn, 1990; Knorr Cetina & Mulkay, 1983), SSK has contributed to an appreciation of the socially conditioned and contingent nature of scientific knowledge and practice. SSK portrays the laboratory as a nexus of human agenda and technical pursuits. It has questioned the uniqueness of scientific norms (Mitroff, 1974b; Schmaus, 1983), the degree of institutionalization of those norms (Mulkay, 1975), their effectiveness in ...