For the most current, comprehensive resource in this rapidly evolving field, look no further than the Revised Edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. This masterful volume is the first resource in more than 15 years to define, summarize, and synthesize this complex multidisciplinary, international field. Tightly edited with contributions by an internationally recognized team of leading scholars, this volume addresses the crucial contemporary issues—both traditional and nonconventional—social studies, political studies, and humanistic studies in this changing field. Containing theoretical essays, extensive literature reviews, and detailed case studies, this remarkable volume clearly sets the standard for the field. It does nothing less than establish itself as the benchmark, one that will carry the field well into the next century.
Chapter 23: Science, Government, and the Politics of Knowledge
Science, Government, and the Politics of Knowledge
WRITING about the political resources of American science in the inaugural volume of Social Studies of Science some two decades ago, Yaron Ezrahi felt obliged to open with an apology that his topic could be considered “somewhat perverse if not entirely heretical” because the traditional ethos of science emphasized “a complete separation between science and politics” (Ezrahi, 1971, p. 117). Since that time, the separation has broken down, in both scholarship and ordinary knowledge. The daily news is filled with stories of university pork barreling, research fraud, and controversies over climate warming and ozone depletion, cancer-causing chemicals, high-fat diets, and interventions in human genetics, to name just ...