For the most current, comprehensive resource in this rapidly evolving field, look no further than the Revised Edition of the Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. This masterful volume is the first resource in more than 15 years to define, summarize, and synthesize this complex multidisciplinary, international field. Tightly edited with contributions by an internationally recognized team of leading scholars, this volume addresses the crucial contemporary issues—both traditional and nonconventional—social studies, political studies, and humanistic studies in this changing field. Containing theoretical essays, extensive literature reviews, and detailed case studies, this remarkable volume clearly sets the standard for the field. It does nothing less than establish itself as the benchmark, one that will carry the field well into the next century.
Part VI: Science, Technology, and Controversy
In our introduction to this volume, we employed an analogy between the map maker's task and our own. This analogy has particular utility for understanding the chapters in this section, for most controversies in science and technology are disputes over the authority of individuals and groups to conduct and interpret these activities—in other words, disputes over boundaries.
Using this metaphor, Thomas Gieryn begins his chapter with several questions. Where is the border between science and nonscience? Which claims or practices are scientific? Who is a scientist? What is science? Gieryn is clear about his own agenda; he seeks to make these borders messy and contentious. States of war, or temporary truces at best, rule Gieryn's map.
Gieryn uses four case ...