Handbook of Public Policy Evaluation is the only book of its kind to present aspects of public policy evaluation that relate to economic, technology, social, political, international, and legal problems. Rather than looking at specific narrowly focused programs, this book emphasizes broad-based evaluation theory, study, and application, providing a rich variety of exceptional insights and ideas.
Designed to facilitate integration and coherence, key features in this volume include:
- Systematic evaluation, measuring the policy alternatives available for achieving goals
- Win-win evaluation, processing policy alternatives that can enable conservatives, liberals, and other major viewpoints to all come out ahead of their best initial expectations simultaneously
- Policy evaluation, offering methods, examples, studies, professionalism, perspectives, concepts, trends, substance, theory, applications, dispute resolution, interdisciplinary interaction and bibliographies and applications
The book targets the need for improvement in the methods, processes, and substance of public policy and opens the gate of public policy to be more effective, efficient, and equitable. Policymakers, administrators, analysts, and practitioners alike will find the Handbook a necessary resource of alternative public policies that are placed in context with a direct course to positive results.
Chapter 22: Causal Relations among Policy Fields
Causal Relations among Policy Fields
Table 22.1 shows causal relations among four basic policy fields. Each field has an opportunity to be a cause and an effect. This results in 16 relations (4 × 4), which reduces to 12 after eliminating the possibility of each policy field acting against itself.
Table 22.1 CAUSAL RELATIONS AMONG THE FOUR BASIC POLICY FIELDS
Economy Affects Technology. ...